In mine ears . judgment--justice. We Christians, must be careful how we grow, as well. Song is a form of praise. Isaiah 5:8-23 . Just as in this lesson today, it was possible for the vineyard to produce two types of grapes. When they became worldly, the LORD removed His protection from them, and they were overcome by their enemies. strong drink--Hebrew, sichar, implying intoxication. command--The parable is partly dropped and Jehovah, as in Isaiah 5:7, is implied to be the Owner: for He alone, not an ordinary husbandman ( Matthew 21:43, Luke 17:22), could give such a … Ten baskets of seed will yield only … JEROME tries to specify the details of the parable; the "fence," angels; the "stones gathered out," idols; the "tower," the "temple in the midst" of Judea; the "wine-press," the altar. The thing that makes one different from the other is the fact that the wheat was fed on the Truth. This is primarily speaking of the physical house of Israel. mingle strong drink--not with water, but spices to make it intoxicating ( Proverbs 9:2 Proverbs 9:5 , Solomon 8:2 ). All ranks, "mean" and "mighty" alike; so "honorable" and "multitude" ( Isaiah 5:13 ). Woe to … Banquets for revelry began earlier than usual ( Ecclesiastes 10:16 Ecclesiastes 10:17 ). Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. Each of us must walk in the light we have. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Isaiah 5:1 “Now will I sing to my well-beloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. What are we doing, when we sing to the LORD? on a very fertile hill. The word “Well-beloved” is an expression of appreciation to Creator God and God our Savior. So tender disciples of Jesus Christ ( John 21:15 ) are called "lambs"; being meek, harmless, poor, and persecuted. . take away the righteousness--set aside the just claims of those having a righteous cause. Isaiah 5. We must also, be aware of the curses that come from disobeying God. But in gospel times. Isaiah Bible Study Courses Section 1. The way to have beautiful fruit is to feed the vine the pure Word of God, regularly. Even the blessing of rain is withheld, because of their unfaithfulness to God. 10 Ten acres[ a] of vineyard will not produce even six gallons[ b] of wine. What Isaiah sawIn the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, high and lifted up, and the train of His robe … of my beloved--inspired by Him; or else, a tender song [CASTALIO]. The beloved is the lord, and Israel is the vineyard that has brought forth wild grapes. The "strangers" are in this view the "other sheep not of the" the Jewish "fold" ( John 10:16 ), the Gentiles whom Jesus Christ shall "bring" to be partakers of the rich privileges ( Romans 11:17 ) fell from. In the basic sense, this is speaking of them being overcome by the Babylonians. 5. 1. to--rather, "concerning" [GESENIUS], that is, in the person of My beloved, as His representative [VITRINGA]. viol--an instrument with twelve strings [JOSEPHUS, Antiquities, 8.10]. Isaiah 9:5-6; Isaiah 52:7; Isaiah 53:5; Micah 5:4-5 Read chapter in New International Version 14. hell--the grave; Hebrew, sheol; Greek, hades; "the unseen world of spirits." The Jewish covenant-people, separated from the nations for His glory, as the object of His peculiar care ( Matthew 20:1 , 21:33 ). tabret--Hebrew, toph, from the use of which in drowning the cries of children sacrificed to Moloch, Tophet received its name. 21. kindled--( 2 Kings 22:13 2 Kings 22:17 ). Be careful to please God. As we have said before, there is a physical house of Israel and a spiritual house of Israel. choicest vine--Hebrew, sorek; called still in Morocco, serki; the grapes had scarcely perceptible seeds; the Persian kishmish or bedaria, that is, "without seed" ( Genesis 49:11 ). Ever ready for march or battle. ephah--Eight bushels of seed would yield only three pecks of produce ( Ezekiel 45:11 ). heavens--literally "clouds," that is, its sky is rather "clouds" than sky. This, in a sense, is saying they went back to their worldliness. torn--rather, were as dung ( Psalms 83:10 ). Contrast to their drinking ( Isaiah 5:11 ). We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. What special thing did the LORD do for these Hebrews as long as they followed Him? The vineyard belongs to Him (5:7). The Christian must not be drawn back into the world by getting fed the impure teachings. The lands of the Scenite tent dwellers ( Jeremiah 35:7 ). Read your Bible for yourself and feed upon God’s Word as you would your daily food. What will the Lord now do to His vineyard? Enrich your faith and grow in spiritual maturity with the incredible Bible study and devotional books listed below. 25. anger . Literally, "tongue of fire eateth" ( Acts 2:3 ). Otherwise from a different Hebrew root, "in its destruction" or ruins. Otherwise, as in their own pasture [GESENIUS]: so the Hebrew in Micah 2:12 . The Assyrian army abounded in cavalry and chariots ( Isaiah 22:6 Isaiah 22:7 , 36:8 ). bitter . The Vineyard of the LORD Destroyed - Let me sing for my beloved my love song concerning his vineyard: My beloved had a vineyard on a very … The “tower” symbolized the protection they had from their enemies. From what standpoint are these lessons written. In verse 1 Isaiah assumes the role of a popular folk singer and sings a ballad about the Lord’s vineyard. Isaiah 5:3 “And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard.”. . It is no mere human owner, nor a literal vineyard that is meant. hills . . “And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and … 8. . When the LORD was with the Hebrews, they won their battles against the enemy. . . hoofs . Of the poisonous monk's hood [GESENIUS]. They possibly, were in the same church together. The “vineyard of the fruitful hill” is who? The God of nature is, as it were, amazed at the unnatural fruit of so well-cared a vineyard. fruitful hill--literally, "a horn" ("peak," as the Swiss shreckhorn) of the son of oil; poetically, for very fruitful. With all the past calamities, still heavier judgments are impending; which he specifies in the rest of the chapter ( Leviticus 26:14 , &c.). wheels--of their chariots. iniquity--guilt, incurring punishment [MAURER]. . God condemns sinners "out of their own mouth" ( Deuteronomy 32:6 , Job 15:6 , Luke 19:22 , Romans 3:4 ). HORSLEY takes "sea . hiss--(compare 7:18). The Book of Isaiah. Religion is sweet ( Psalms 119:103 ). Not accomplished in the Babylonish captivity; for Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Haggai, and Zechariah prophesied during or after it. sweet--sin is bitter ( Jeremiah 2:19 , 4:18 , Acts 8:23 , Hebrews 12:15 ); though it seem sweet for a time ( Proverbs 9:17 Proverbs 9:18 ). Try it for 30 days FREE. A new prophecy; entire in itself. One was worldly (tares), and the other was Godly (wheat). The prophet’s point is that the judgment of God will bring the opposite of what they expect. Suggestive of isolation, security, and a sunny aspect. . Compare Ezekiel 39:18 , where the fatlings are the rich and great ( 1 Corinthians 1:26 1 Corinthians 1:27 ). So Jesus Christ, in Matthew 21:40 Matthew 21:41 , alluding in the very form of expression to this, makes them pass sentence on themselves. multitude--plebeians in contradistinction to the "honorable men," or nobles. 18. . vineyard--( Isaiah 3:14 , Psalms 80:8 , &c.). 20. broken--The soles were attached to the feet, not by upper leather as with us, but by straps. Isaiah 5, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. my love-song concerning his vineyard: My beloved had a vineyard. Isaiah 5:20 "Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for … There is a play on sounds and letters in the Hebrew of “he looked for judgment, (mishpat), but behold oppression, (mispach); for righteousness (tsedaqah), but behold a cry (tse’aqah). The two verses are closely joined [MAURER]. So securely clad that not even a strap of their sandals gives way, so as to impede their march. But what kind of crop did it produce? law--in its spirit, while retaining the letter. one--only. . One pleasing unto God, and the other was pleasing to the flesh and the world. tower--to watch the vineyard against the depredations of man or beast, and for the use of the owner ( Matthew 21:33 ). . Some should drop the name, Christian, because they follow the world, instead of Christ. Isaiah 5:1-30—Read the Bible online or download free. great and fair--houses. 23 Who for a reward give support to the cause of the sinner, and who take away the righteousness of the upright from him. . till there be no place--left for any one else. He expected them to be fair in their judgments and to be righteous, but instead they oppressed others and caused a cry to go forth. God has planted the seed of the Word of God within us. All rights reserved. The earth trembled as if conscious of the presence of God ( Jeremiah 4:24 , Habakkuk 3:6 ). bath--of wine; seven and a half gallons. For all this, &c.--This burden of the prophet's strains, with dirge-like monotony, is repeated at Isaiah 9:12 Isaiah 9:17 Isaiah 9:21 , 10:4 . This is speaking of a time when the protection of the LORD is removed, and their enemies come and destroy them. . 16. . Isaiah 5:2 “And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.”. What must be done, to bring forth good fruit? wine-press--including the wine-fat; both hewn, for coolness, out of the rocky undersoil of the vineyard. Bibliography Information Bible History Online - Picture Study Bible, King James Version. Lord--a frequent effect of feasting ( Job 1:5 , Psalms 28:5 ). Jesus Christ in the "vineyard" of the New Testament Church is the same as the Old Testament Angel of the Jewish covenant. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. God expected them to produce good fruit. 5. go to--that is, attend to me. I will sing for the one I love a song about his vineyard: My loved one had a vineyard on a fertile hillside. A. Jesus Christ is the holy One. New York: American Bible Society: www.bible-history.com… 17. after their manner--literally, "according to their own word," that is, at will. Isaiah 5:1-30 . He dug it and cleared it of stones, and planted it with choice vines; he built a … They, in the beginning, were the choicest vine. Disobedience to God’s teachings brought ________ to the house of Israel? This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. 6. 2. This course is designed as an expository study of the Book of Isaiah, taking the student through the first third of this prophetic book with cross … It is just as dangerous today to let the world creep into your worship as it was for the people of those days. . In the parable of the wheat and the tares, the tares were growing with the wheat. The ephah and bath, one-tenth of an homer. pleasant--"the plant of his delight"; just as the husbandman was at pains to select the sorek, or "choicest vine" ( Isaiah 5:2 ); so God's election of the Jews. 7. Arabic, duf. . He would do to them as they would do to a vineyard that had been carefully prepared and guarded, and which yet was … vanity--wickedness. flame consumeth the chaff--rather, withered grass falleth before the flame ( Matthew 3:12 ). Probably delivered about the same time as the second and third chapters, in Uzziah‘s reign. The vineyard is His followers. “Wild grapes” symbolize worldliness. cast away . Isaiah's Conviction, Cleansing and Call. 4. It was as if He had built a fence of protection around them, and the enemy could not destroy them. Isaiah 5:6 “And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.”. he that rejoiceth--the drunken reveIler in Jerusalem. Isaiah 5:1-30. 9. famished--awful contrast to their luxurious feasts ( Isaiah 5:11 Isaiah 5:12 ). Now I will sing for the one I love a song about his vineyard: My beloved had a vineyard on a rich and … I will . Then you will produce fruit fit for God. Compare Isaiah 5:15, Isaiah 5:16 with Isaiah 2:17; and Isaiah 5:1 with Isaiah … 22, 23. wild grapes--The Hebrew expresses offensive putrefaction, answering to the corrupt state of the Jews. cords, &c.--cart-rope--Rabbins say, "An evil inclination is at first like a fine hair-string, but the finishing like a cart-rope." thirst--( Psalms 107:4 Psalms 107:5 ). However, the close of the chapter alludes generally to the still distant invasion of Assyrians in a later reign (compare Isaiah 5:26 with Isaiah 7:18 ; Isaiah 5:25 with Isaiah 9:12 ). that they may be--rather, and ye be. Salem Media Group. 15. As punishment for her unfruitfulness, Israel became desolate and accessible to any nation wishing to invade her, such as happened in the Babylonian invasion of 586 B.C., and will happen repeatedly until her national repentance at the second coming of the Messiah. (Compare Isaiah 2:9 Isaiah 2:11 Isaiah 2:17 ). The transition from "branch" ( Isaiah 4:2 ) to "vineyard" here is not unnatural. What has... 2. 5:5 And now come; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away its hedge, and it shall … They strain every nerve in sin. early--when it was regarded especially shameful to drink ( Acts 2:15 , 1 Thessalonians 5:7 ). Isaiah 5:4 “What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? What kind of fruit the vine produces has to do with the way we feed it. girdle--with which the ancient loose robes used to be girded for action. Proud member
The conviction of the prophet. The poem is called the song of my believed, and resembles the Song of Solomon, but in this passage, it becomes a song of lament. Cancel at any time. God shall be "exalted" in man's view, because of His manifestation of His "justice" in punishing the guilty. The jubilee restoration of possessions was intended as a guard against avarice. The “vineyard in a very fruitful hill” is speaking of the church of the Lord Jesus Christ, which cannot be hid. Fetid fruit of the wild vine [MAURER], instead of "choicest" grapes. swear a solemn oath: “Many houses will stand deserted; even beautiful mansions will be empty. Fifth Woe--against those who were so "wise in their own eyes" as to think they knew better than the prophet, and therefore rejected his warnings ( Isaiah 29:14 Isaiah 29:15 ). . work . 24 For this cause, as the waste of the grain is burned up by tongues of fire, and as … Thus "after their (own) manner" will express that the Christian Church should worship God in freedom, released from legal bondage ( John 4:23 , Galatians 5:1 ). His Word (Bible), will set you free from worldliness. 24. . The conclusion of the extended discourse (begun at 2:1), comes by way of a comparison of God’s people to a vineyard which He cultivated, but which did not bear fruit. end of the earth--the widely distant subject races of which the Assyrian army was made up ( Isaiah 22:6 ). 13. are gone--The prophet sees the future as if it were before his eyes. 11. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. regard not . ( Leviticus 25:13 , Micah 2:2 ). God has done all that could be done for the salvation of sinners, consistently with His justice and goodness. . This is primarily speaking of God sending the prophets and judges of old to His vineyard, and yet they did not receive them. I cannot stress enough the need to study the Bible for yourself, so that you will not be deceived by many of the modern (worldly), teachings. But for mercy to it, in Isaiah 11:12 , 18:3 . The antithesis is between the slender cords of sophistry, like the spider's web ( Isaiah 59:5 , Job 8:14 ), with which one sin draws on another, until they at last bind themselves with great guilt as with a cart-rope. Arab shepherds in the neighborhood shall roam at large, the whole of Judea being so desolate as to become a vast pasturage. Fourth Woe--against those who confound the distinctions of right and wrong (compare Romans 1:28 ), "reprobate," Greek, "undiscriminating: the moral perception darkened." In their deportation and exile, they shall hunger and thirst. Language of defiance to God. They were not acceptable for God’s purposes, because they were worldly. . The new Christian is like the baby vine. . 27. weary--with long marches ( Deuteronomy 25:18 ). He intended to “punish” them Isaiah 5:5-6, and he appeals to them for the justice of it. It is just planted. pipe--flute or flageolet: from a Hebrew root "to bore through"; or else, "to dance" (compare Job 21:11-15 ). PARABLE OF JEHOVAH'S VINEYARD. . The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures is published by Jehovah’s Witnesses. . The play upon words is striking in the Hebrew, He looked for mishpat, but behold mispat ("bloodshed"); for tsedaqua, but behold tseaqua (the cry that attends anarchy, covetousness, and dissipation, Isaiah 5:8 Isaiah 5:11 Isaiah 5:12 ; compare the cry of the rabble by which justice was overborne in the case of Jesus Christ, Matthew 27:23 Matthew 27:24 ). operation--in punishing the guilty ( Isaiah 5:19 , Isaiah 10:12 ). Isaiah alludes plainly to the Song of Solomon ( Solomon 6:3 , Song of Solomon 8:11 Song of Solomon 8:12 ), in the words "His vineyard" and "my Beloved" (compare Isaiah 26:20 , 61:10 , with Solomon 1:4 , 4:10 ). And now, &c.--appeal of God to themselves, as in Isaiah 1:18 , Micah 6:3 . Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built … Who had God sent to help the vine to grow good grapes?