[12] She then moved to Bombay in 1942 and began working as an Inspectress of schools. Illness and death. [9][18][48] Critic and dramatist Shamim Hanfi gives it highest praise, saying that the novel, its first half in particular, matches up to the highest standards of world literature. [10], In the early 1970s, Chughtai wrote two novels, Ajeeb Aadmi (A Very Strange Man) and Jangli Kabootar (Wild Pigeons) that made use of her knowledge of the Hindi film industry, which she had been a part of for the last couple of decades. Many of her books have been banned at various times. "[38], Mumbai-based writer and journalist, Jerry Pinto noted the impact of Ajeeb Aadmi's initial release saying, "There hadn’t been a more dramatic and candid account of the tangled emotional lives of Bollywood before this. [47] Lihaaf has since been widely anthologised, and following the critical reappraisals, has become one of Chughtai's most appreciated works. There, she met and developed a close friendship with Shaheed Latif, who was pursuing a master's degree at the Aligarh Muslim University at the time. Recently Passed Away Celebrities and Famous People. Khwaja Ahmad Abbas was the legal witness to the ceremony. ‘It was an extremely stupid last wish. [1], With more of her work being made available for reading to a wider audience over the years, criticism centered around the limited scope of Chughtai's writing has also subsided. She was a writer and director, known for Garm Hava (1974), Arzoo (1950) and Sone Ki Chidiya (1958). [6], Chughtai wrote a drama entitled Fasādī (The Troublemaker) for the Urdu magazine Saqi in 1939, which was her first published work. [13][21] She then wrote the dialogue and screenplay for the 1950 romance drama film Arzoo, starring Kaushal and Dilip Kumar. Ismat Chughtai was born on August 15, 1915 and died on October 24, 1991. Beginning in the 1930s, she wrote extensively on themes including female sexuality and femininity, middle-class gentility, and class conflict, often from a Marxist perspective. She found success with such short-stories as Gainda and Khidmatgaar and the play Intikhab, all of which were published during the period. Chughtai passed away on October 24, 1991, in Mumbai (then Bombay) at the age of 80. Ismat Chughtai was born on August 21, 1915, in Badaun, Uttar Pradesh. This novel is 500 pages long and in it not only is the writer’s own observation and personal experience reflected; but the living, breathing character of Shamman to a great extent informs her own personality as well. The woman told Chughtai that she had since divorced her husband, remarried and was raising a child with her second husband. [7] She separately cited the example of Jangli Kabootar, which was one of the first novels in Chughtai's cannon to explore the theme of infidelity. [10] Commentators have also compared Chughtai's writing style in the novel to that of French writer and intellectual Simone de Beauvoir, based on the duo's existentialist and humanist affiliations. Ismat Chughtai Awards. Early life and career beginnings (1915–41), Niche appreciation and transition to film (1942–60), Later years, critical reappraisals and subsequent acclaim (1990s and beyond). [4] Upon release, Lihaaf attracted criticism for its suggestion of female homosexuality and a subsequent trial, with Chughtai being summoned by the Lahore High Court to defend herself against the charges of "obscenity". Her father, Mirza Qasim Beg Chughtai, was a high-ranking government official. Since the 1930s, Ismat Chughtai’s work offered frank depictions of women’s lives while exploring topics of sexuality, femininity and class struggle, which are indeed pertinent to today. In a 1993 retrospective piece, Naqvi also countered the perceived scope of Chughtai's writings, saying that her work was "neither confined to nor exhausted" by the themes central to Lihaaf: "she had much, much more to offer". This was well demonstrated in her story "Sacred Duty", where she dealt with social pressures in India, alluding to specific national, religious and cultural traditions. Her fourth collection of short-stories Chui Mui (Touch-me-not) was released in 1952 to an enthusiastic response. [15] The charges notwithstanding, both Chughtai and Manto were exonerated. [50], Chughtai's short stories reflected the cultural legacy of the region in which she lived. Lihaaf is a 1942 Urdu short story written by Ismat Chughtai. On Chughtai’s death anniversary, The Quint curates from ‘Lihaaf’, one of her most read short stories. We stood face to face during a dinner. Chughtai, who died on 24 October 1991, wrote the short story Lihaaf in 1942, but said it became the ‘stick to beat her with’ for the rest of her life. Remembering Ismat Chughtai on her Death Anniversary: Most powerful quotes by iconic Urdu writer. "Ismat Chughtai – Pakistan-India (1915–1991)", World People, 5 May 2006. The Hindu, Sunday, 21 May 2000. When I started writing, there was a trend -- writing romantic things or writing like a Progressive. [25] Also in 1958, Chughtai produced the Mahmood-Shyama starrer romance drama Lala Rukh. Ismat Chughtai began writing at a time when South Asian women were still sequestered and their voice suppressed. She thought of her second-eldest brother, Mirza Azim Beg Chughtai (also a novelist), as a mentor. Birthday: August 15, 1915 Date of Death: October 24, 1991 Age at Death: 76 He called the book a first of a kind tell-all book about the Hindi film industry, one that was "an eye-opener even for the know-alls of Bollywood". [36] Chughtai's grandson, filmmaker Aijaz Khan had expressed his interest in a making a feature film based on story in a 2015 interview with the Mumbai Mirror: "would like to make one of her stories, Jangli Kabootar [as the story has] always fascinated me. She was the youngest of nine siblings, all her sisters had been married until she gained awareness, thus, in her childhood, she only had the company of her brothers, and she continuously challenged their supremacy. [35] Chughtai said of Ajeeb Aadmi: "[In the novel], I go into [...] why girls run after him and producers like him, and the hell they make for these men and for their wives. [32][35] Jangli Kabootar, which was first published in 1970, follows the life of an actress and was partially inspired from a real-life incident that had occurred at the time. [32], Tedhi Lakeer, which has come to be regarded as Chughtai's magnum opus is now considered to be one of the most significant works of Urdu literature by commentators and various media outlets. Chui Mui was adapted for stage by Naseeruddin Shah as a part of a commemorative series Ismat Apa Kay Naam, with his daughter Heeba Shah playing the central character in the production. [40] She died at her house in Mumbai on 24 October 1991, following the prolonged illness. It was based on the 1941 eponymous short story; Chughtai had rewritten the narrative in form of a screenplay for the production. Due to the disease, Ismat limited her writing work and, in her last years, was not able to produce any content. Her parents had ten children, and she was the second youngest. The deeper one delves into the words of Ismat Chughtai for scrutiny, the richer and spontaneous is the revelation of how little we know her writing and her life. Chughtai described the influence of her brothers as an important factor which influenced her personality in her formative years. In Chughtai’s work, these women find their compatriots, and as her readers, we, our own. [22], Chughtai's association with film solidified when she and Latif co-founded the production company Filmina. Ismat Chughtai! One of her most enduring works remains the short story, Lihaaf (The Quilt). Ismat Chughtai Birthday and Date of Death. 1K likes. Mohamed also made a detailed note of Chughtai's candid style of writing, saying that she had an "instinctive gift for relating stories frankly and fearlessly". Starring Kamini Kaushal, Pran, and Dev Anand in his first major film role, Ziddi became one of the biggest commercial successes of 1948.

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