India’s foreign trade is mainly dependent on water transport. They are artificial waterways made for the purpose of irrigation or navigation or both. Introduction : - Water transport refers to movement of goods and passengers on waterways by using various means like boats, steamers, launches, ships, etc. It is the only suitable mode of transport for carrying heavy and bulky goods to distant places. This essay speak about the advntage and disadvantage for water transport and diffrent types. Vessel Types. Low Cost: Rivers are a natural highway which does not require any cost of construction and maintenance. But the goods are exposed to the ‘perils of sea’. It is considered the safest mode of transport alongside railway transportation. As shown in the chart, inland water transport consists of transport by rivers, canals and lakes. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge Tramps are more suitable to carry seasonal and bulky goods. It operates on a natural track and hence does not require huge capital investment in the construction and maintenance of its track except in case of canals. Water transport is the process of transport watercraft, such as a barge, boat, ship or sailboat over a body of water such as a sea, ocean, lake, canal. Before publishing your Articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Exercise 1. Water transport means movement of goods and passengers on waterways by using various means like boats, steamers, launches, ships, etc. Less traffic hazards and minimum chances of traffic accidents through water transportation. Distance is now measured in hours and not in kilometers. 1. It operates on a natural track and hence does not require huge capital investment in the construction and maintenance of its track except in case of canals. 1. It has the largest carrying capacity and is most suitable for carrying bulky goods over long distances. 1. Less Maintenance Cost: Maintenance cost in rail and road transport is quite high but maintenance cost of water transport is quite less. Tankers are the vessels which are specially designed to carry oil, petrol and such other liquids. Watch Queue Queue. Advantages and Disadvantages of Some Water Conserving Techniques Dams Advantages: Dams are useful for many things including providing cheap electricity and water. Disadvantages: In spite of many advantages, air transport has the following limitations: 1. Liners sail on scheduled dates and time, whether full of cargo or not. Air Transport. this is called inland water transport. Water Transport: Kinds, Advantages and Disadvantages of Water Transport. The world has indeed shrunk and becomes a small village. To add to it, the cost of providing water for the canals is also a very big problem of canal transport. Rivers and canals cannot be operated for transportation throughout the year as water may freeze during winter or water level may go very much down during summer. It is, obviously, the cheapest mode of transport. Water transport plays important role in foreign trade. Ocean transport is indispensable for foreign trade. Advantages of Inland Water Transport System . Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Because of increasing air traffic, the commercial sector grows rapidly. Myanmar is well endowed with natural river resources. Water transport is more risky as compared to other means because there is always danger of sinking ships or boats. It is one of the cheapest modes of transport. Due to the growth of air transport in recent years, long-distance travel has become much simpler and affordable. Copyright 10. 2. • It is suitable to carry heavy and bulk goods. 3. Advantages and Limitations? Sea Transport Infrastructure. Content Filtrations 6. Development of shipping is essential for the defence of the country also. It has played a very significant role in bringing different parts of the world closer and is indispensable to foreign trade. Advantages of ocean freight transportation services: Cheap Freight: In comparison to rail, road, and air, ocean freight rates are more affordable and especially more economically viable for bulkier cargo. It is the fastest means of transport when one compares it with road transport, rail transport or water transport.In order to understand more about this mode of transport one should look at the advantages and disadvantages of air transport The cost of operation of water transport is also very less. Even the cost of construction and maintenance of canals is much less or they are used, not only for transport purposes but also for irrigation, etc. Advantages of Water Transport. Content Guidelines 2. The risk of damage in transit of the goods is also less as compared to other modes of transport. Share Your Word File And water transport is about moving things on the water to other areas by using the water vehicles such as ships or watercraft or any other means of looking on the surface of the water. Water transport is the cheapest and the oldest mode of transport. to distant places. Prohibited Content 3. Disclaimer 9. The Ayeyarwaddy, the Chindwin,the Thanlwin and the Sittaung rivers are flowing from north to south.The inland waterways transportation in Myanmar has better advantage than other modes of transport in the long term with the following reasons-. Pipeline Transport. The water transport can move people (passengers) or things (charges solid, liquid or gaseous) by sea from one geographical location to another on board a ship. It provides much more flexible service than railways and can be adjusted to individual requirements. Earlier, coastal shipping in India was mainly in the hands of foreign shipping companies. 7 advantages of water transport. Privacy Policy 8. Pipeline Transport. 5. Unloading of a container ship in the largest port of India, Jawaharlal Nehru Port, in Navi Mumbai, in the Arabian Sea. Of the various modes of transport, it is only the sea transport, that offers the highest carrying capacity. It can be used only in a limited area which is served by deep canals and rivers. Some of the Advantages of water transport are : Water transport is best suitable for bulky and heavy goods and is a relatively economical mode of transport. • Water transport is economical to the owner as the number of employees to carriage volume ratio is less compared to road transport. A ship can even carry several aeroplanes. Lakes can be either natural like rivers or artificial like canals. Speed of Inland water transport is very slow and therefore this mode of transport is unsuitable where time is an important factor. In water transport, the weights of goods are very large in comparison to other means of transports. Important for Foreign Trade: Current volume of India’s trade is quite large and it is likely to further expand for the sake of economic development of the country. Benefits of Water transport instead of Road transport 1. You need to carefully assess the advantages and disadvanatages of shipping goods by sea.. 2. They can be chartered by exporters and are ready to sail anywhere and at any time. Moreover, the cost of operation of the inland water transport is very low. Water transport is the only suitable means to transport heavy and big sized goods and materials. Now even though most people would say inland is a boat […] Their importance has gradually declined on account of more reliable and cheaper transport services offered by the railways. Tramps are ships which have no fixed routes. Welcome to EconomicsDiscussion.net! But it can serve only limited areas. River transport played a very important role prior to the development of modern means of land transport. Using rail or water transport instead of road for a number of your cargo operations has a number of benefits. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Economics. Failure of monsoon results into fall in the water level of rivers making navigation difficult. Foreign Trade. ADVERTISEMENTS: Advantages and Disadvantages of Water Transport are as follows: Advantages: 1. One of benefits is that cost of its construction and maintenance is very low. When rivers and canals within the country are used for the movement of boats, launches, etc. It has the largest carrying capacity as compared to any other transport. They are not as fast in speed as liners. Sea transport plays a … Plagiarism Prevention 4. (a) Offers less friction to the movement of vessels as it’s the case with roads. Other Modes of Transport. It can be additional money-making and dependable way of moving goods, particularly over long distances. It can carry much larger quantities of heavy and bulky goods such as coal, and, timber etc. Towing, it is very useful to pull a large water bag or an iceberg. Water Transport. Other Modes of Transport. (b) Are natural and free transport routes requiring less artificial infrastructures (c) Less expensive because large loads can be carried at minimal costs and water routes require minimal maintenance. Privacy Policy3. It operates on a natural track, i.e., the sea and does not require any investment in the construction and maintenance of its track. The fares of air transport are so high that it is beyond the reach of the common man. Please read on the Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport here. 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